Territorial Symbols

The Mace
maceThe symbol of the authority of the Legislature and the Speaker, the Northwest Territories mace is composed of silver and bronze. The top glistens with a snowflake crown surrounding a golden orb (the midnight sun) an ulu, a tipi and a house representing the cultures, and a 1.31 carat northern diamond. Pebbles, collected from the NWT's 33 communities, create a magical sound like a rain stick, and represent the voices of the people.
flagThe flag design was adopted in 1969. The design incorporates the territorial shield on a white centre section representing ice and snow, bordered by equal sized blue sections representing lakes and waters.
Coat of Arms
coat of armsThe coat of arms consists of two gold narwhals guarding a compass rose, symbolic of the Magnetic North Pole. The white upper third of the crest represents the polar ice pack and is crossed with a wavy blue line symbolizing the Northwest Passage. The diagonal line separating the red and green segments of the lower portion of the shield represents the treeline.
The Gyrfalcon - Official Bird (Falco rusticolus)
gyrfalconThe gyrfalcon is the largest and most magnificent of the falcons that breed in the Northwest Territories. They range in colour from white through shades of grey and brown, to almost black. Darker birds are more common in the NWT. Gyrfalcons are expert hunters, and extremely fast and powerful fliers.
Gold - Official Mineral
goldGold has played a major role in the development and prosperity of the Northwest Territories. Mines in Yellowknife operated for about 70 years. In May 1981, gold was proclaimed the Mineral Emblem symbolizing enduring wealth and the bright prospects and future of the Northwest Territories.
Mountain Avens - Official Flower (Dryas octopetala)
flowerThe mountain avens has narrow basal leaves and supports a single white and yellow flower on a short stem. This member of the rose family grows abundantly in the central Arctic, and in parts of the Mackenzie region.
Official Tartan of the Northwest Territories
tartanThe tartan includes many of the colors of the North - the white of the snow, the green of the forest, the yellow of the birches in fall, the red of the tundra and the blue of the lakes, rivers and oceans. The idea of the tartan was proposed by Janet Anderson- Thomson, a long-time resident of Yellowknife.
Tamarack - Official Tree (Larix laricina)
tamarackThe tamarack reaches heights from six to 15 metres. The tamarack is found throughout the NWT and was named the official tree on September 9, 1999. It is one of the few conifers that turns orange in the fall and loses its needles.
The Diamond - Official Gemstone
diamondThe diamond was adopted as the official gemstone on September 9, 1999, to recognize that the NWT is home to Canada's first diamond mine.
Arctic Grayling - Official Fish (Thymallus arcticus)
graylingThe small but elegant arctic grayling can be found in a broad range of habitats in the NWT and has the ability to live in the harshest environments, although susceptible to pollution. It was named the official fish of the NWT on September 9, 1999.